The search for an alternative and at the same time environmentally friendly type of fuel has always been extremely relevant not only for Ukraine, but also for the whole world. This is not surprising, because the importance of high-quality, inexpensive and at the same time very effective fuel is simply impossible to overestimate. Relatively recently, this fuel was finally found – it turned out to be wood pellets or pellets.
Modern wood pellets, which are obtained from waste from wood processing industry, are divided into two types – industrial and household: the first is used for heating industrial enterprises and providing there various technological processes, while the second type is used in the private sector.
Active production of analogues of pellets or wood pellets began only in 1947, although, of course, solid biofuels were tried to be used before. In particular, heating with sawdust and shavings was mastered back in the 19th century, but it was only a harbinger of the future appearance of pellets. Only after the Great Patriotic War in the United States a method for processing bark, sawdust and other wood raw materials was discovered. At first this processing was used to facilitate the transportation of wood waste, but later it began to be used for heating.
Already in the 90s, the world began to gradually return to alternative fuels, once again paying attention to environmentally friendly and profitable wood. And if before it was processed with the help of rather primitive technologies, then after half a century, when both the technologies themselves and the environmental requirements changed, it became possible to create more advanced types of fuel, and pellets were one of them.
In the late 80s, production and use of pellets became extremely popular in Sweden and some other European countries, and by the 1990s they were recognized as truly “fashionable”, and their production covered not only the whole Europe, but also most other countries of the world.
In 1996, pellets were certified in Germany as one of the best alternative fuels, and by 2005 in Finland, over 70 thousand tons of wood pellets were consumed (and it is only in the private sector!). In America in 2008, more than 80 companies were producing pellets, that were used in the amount of 1.1 million tons per year. China in its turn plans to consume 50 million pellets annually by 2020.
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