All people from time immemorial were known for the rich potential of charcoal. A lot of legends and stories associated with charcoal. Approximately 6,000 years ago, charcoal was the main fuel for remelting of copper. He was in great demand all over the world. Charcoal has become very popular thanks to the huge forests of America. Such famous people as Henry Ford, Stafford Orin made a huge contribution to methods of charcoal production. The unique properties of charcoal allow it to be used in cooking. Charcoal has found wide application of such appointments in Japan.
What is charcoal? – You may ask. Some consider it “nasty material”. Charcoal has been known for all its beneficial properties and qualities long ago. Do you know something interesting about charcoal?
Charcoal is one of the fuels suitable in application. It practically doesn't make smoke and open flames, if incitement is correctly produced. Charcoal produces only heat. Charcoal is the insulation material used during construction, also charcoal is very hygroscopic and absorbs odors. Charcoal in particular is well used in cooking on the grill. Wood briquettes, united with other materials and formed into uniform elements, are most often used in cooking. Quite often, they are used in cooking in American countries.
The basis for the production of charcoal is the burning of carbon-rich material, such as wood, in a low-oxygen atmosphere (wood pyrolysis). This process removes moisture and volatile gases, which are present in the wood. Obtained charred material not only burns longer and is more stable than wood, but it also weighs a lot less.
Charcoal has been known since prehistoric times. About 5300 years ago, the poor traveler died in the Tyrolean, in the Alps. Recently, when his body was found in a glacier, the scientists saw that he was carrying a small box containing pieces of charred wood wrapped in maple leaves. The man didn't have any tools to start a fire, such as flint, etc., so maybe he was carrying a smoldering charcoal. Approximately 6,000 years ago, charcoal was the primary fuel for smelting of copper. After the invention of the blast furnace around 1400 ad, charcoal was used extensively for smelting metals throughout Europe. By the 18th century, forestry was exhausted. It was necessary to switch to alternative fuels – coke.
Extensive forests in Eastern North America have made charcoal is widely used, especially in blacksmithing. By the end of the 19th century it was also used in the Western United States in order to extract the silver from ore and as fuel for locomotive and to heat residential and commercial premises.
Approximately in 1920, when Henry Ford (the owner of the factory of cars production) offered to compress the charcoal into briquettes, it began to be used not only as industrial fuel, but also in cooking. Henry Ford began to use profitably sawdust and lumber charcoal produced at his automobile factory, and he began to encourage the use of private cars for going on picnics. BBQ grills and charcoal “Ford” were sold in car dealerships companies, some of them took half the area under the sale of culinary products.
According to the facts of the history, charcoal was produced folding the wood in the form of a cone and covering it with mud, peat and ash, leaving only a hole on top for venting. The wood was allocated in such a way to burn slowly, and the air holes were allocated taking into account that the obtained product is cooled slowly. Modern pits for production of charcoal was a structure of stones and brick. A huge amount of wood could burn from 3 to 4 weeks and cool from 7 to 10 days. It was method of charcoal production, during which a significant amount of smoke emitted. In fact, the change in the color of the smoke signals about transitions to different stages of the process. Initially, its whitish tint indicates the presence of steam, since water vapor released from the wood. During emission of the other components of wood (e.g. resins), the smoke becomes yellowish. Finally, the smoke turns a bluish, indicating that charring had occurred completely.
An alternative method of charcoal production was developed in the early 1900s by Orin Stafford. He helped Henry Ford to develop its fuel briquettes production. Plants based on this method, pass the wood through a series of fireplaces or ovens. It is a continuous process. It lies in the fact that one end of the log is in the oven, and the other end is charred
Over the past few decades, charcoal and methods of its production have changed a bit. In recent years, the development of easily utilized briquettes has been the most significant innovation. The uniqueness lies in the fact that briquette of charcoal are prepared within 10 minutes. The mummy was found during excavations in China. As it was established, it was a 53-year-old woman who died of a heart defect. This mummy was 2100 years old, but she looked like a 4-day corpse. More than 170 melon seeds were found in her stomach. The experiment was carried out with these seeds, which showed that all of them sprouted. These facts were soon explained by the fact that the diggers found 5 tons of charcoal at the base of the grave. It seems that all creatures were preserved for 2 000 years, thanks to billions of negative ions made of charcoal!
A huge number of companies use charcoal in the construction of foundations, factories, offices, houses in Japan. Statistics shows that people who live and work in buildings built with the addition of charcoal, are less tired. The use of charcoal in the construction of buildings leads to less destruction and increases the operation time of machines.
The Japanese often use charcoal in cooking: add it in oil for frying, so it does not give bitterness and can be used a few days until the charcoal remains in the oil.
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